The Tour de France French pronunciation: The race was first organized in to increase sales for the newspaper L'Auto  and is currently run by the Amaury Sport Organisation.
Participation expanded from a primarily French field, as riders from all over the world began to participate in the race each year. Traditionally, the race is held primarily in the month of July.
There are usually between 20 and 22 teams, with eight riders in each. All of the stages are timed to the finish; the riders' times are compounded with their previous stage times. The Tour de France was created in The roots of the Tour de France trace back to the emergence of two rival sports newspapers in the country.
He was a prominent cyclist and owner with Victor Goddet of the velodrome at the Parc des Princes. L'Auto was not the success its backers wanted. Stagnating sales lower than the rival it was intended to surpass led to a crisis meeting on 20 November on the middle floor of L'Auto' s office at 10 Rue du Faubourg Montmartre, Paris.
Desgrange was doubtful but the paper's financial director, Victor Goddet, was enthusiastic. He handed Desgrange the keys to the company safe and said: The first Tour de France was staged in The plan was a five-stage race from 31 May to 5 July, starting in Paris and stopping in Lyon, Marseille, Bordeaux, and Nantes before returning to Paris.
Toulouse was added later to break the long haul across southern France from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic. Stages would go through the night and finish next afternoon, with rest days before riders set off again.
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But this proved too daunting and the costs too great for most  and only 15 competitors had entered. Desgrange had never been wholly convinced and he came close to dropping the idea. The winner would thereby win six times what most workers earned in a year. Desgrange seems not to have forgotten the Dreyfus Affair that launched his race and raised the passions of his backers.
It was waved away by the starter, Georges Abran, at 3: L'Auto hadn't featured the race on its front page that morning. Among the competitors were the eventual winner, Why is tour de france so popular Garinhis well-built rival Hippolyte Aucouturierthe German favourite Josef Fischerand a collection of adventurers including one competing as "Samson".
Many riders dropped out of the race after completing the initial stages as the physical effort the tour required was just too much. Only a mere 24 entrants remained at the end of the fourth stage. Garin dominated the race, winning the first and last two stages, at The last rider, Millocheau, finished 64h 47m 22s behind him. L'Auto ' s mission was accomplished as throughout the race circulation of the publication doubled, making the race something much larger than Desgrange had ever hoped for.
Such was the passion that the first Tour created in spectators and riders that Desgrange said the Tour de France would be the last. By the following spring he was planning another Tour, longer at 11 stages rather than 6 — and this time all in daylight to make any cheating more obvious.
L'Auto's circulation rose from 25, to 65,;  by it was a quarter of a million. The Tour returned after its suspension during World War One and continued to grow, with circulation of L'Auto reachingby The record claimed by Desgrange wasduring the Tour.
Desgrange and his Tour invented bicycle stage racing. Initially he used total accumulated time as used in the modern Tour de France  but from to by points for placings each day.
Why is tour de france so popular time, a rider coping with a mechanical problem—which the rules insisted he repair alone—could lose so much time that it cost him the race. Equally, riders could finish so separated that time gained or lost on one or two days could decide the whole race. Judging the race by points removed over-influential time differences but discouraged competitors from riding hard. It made no difference whether they finished fast or slow or separated by seconds or hours, so they were inclined to ride together at a relaxed pace until close to the line, only then disputing the final placings that would give them points.
The format changed over time.
The Tour originally ran around the perimeter of France. Cycling was an endurance sport and the organisers realised the sales they would achieve by creating supermen of the competitors.
Night riding was dropped after the second Tour inwhen there had been persistent cheating when judges could not see riders. Desgrange said his ideal race would be so hard that only one rider would make it to Paris.